In severe cases, chronic hyperglycemia can lead to eye damage (retinopathy), nerve damage (neuropathy), and kidney damage (nephropathy).
Insulin injections and oral medications are not enough to manage insulin level fluctuations in diabetes mellitus. A multidisciplinary team is essential to maximize the care of diabetic patients. Self-management education and patient-centered care are the cornerstones of an effective diabetes management in addition to lifestyle and diet modifications.
One of the most efficient ways to maintain your blood sugar levels within the target range is controlling what you eat. Basic guidelines to control blood sugar through diet modification include the following:
Exercise plays important role in managing diabetes. You should develop the habit of exercising regularly. However, exercising and other activities of daily living require great energy expenditure and may cause low blood sugar. The following may be done to avoid its occurrence:
Chronic stress can cause spikes in insulin levels by elevating the stress hormone cortisol and may affect the body’s response to insulin. Doing relaxing activities such as yoga, deep breathing exercises and other recreational activities can help minimize stress.
Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for other fatal diseases such as heart attack and stroke. Its management is complex, requiring multi-factorial approach composed of medical and self-help strategies. Early intensive control of blood sugar levels and other risk factors delays and prevents the onset of long-term complications associated with the disease. Diabetes can have debilitating symptoms which can affect your quality of life. However, the disease is manageable and you can still be able to live a healthy and virile life with the help of medical professionals. Consult with one of our highly qualified and experienced doctors to help you develop a customized treatment plan to properly manage your blood sugar and insulin levels.